Jobs to do in the garden in October
October is an interesting time of year in the garden as the colours begin to change and autumnal hues start to make an appearance. Despite the weather becoming colder and wetter, there are still some jobs you can get done in the garden this month.
1. Now is the time to finish planting spring bulbs. Tulips can be planted next month
2. You can also plant Perennials while the soil is still moist and warm
3. Continue to plant winter lettuces, autumn onion sets and spring cabbages
4. Pot up mint, parsley and chives for winter
5. It’s time to replace summer bedding plants with winter and spring bedding. Violas, winter bedding cyclamen, wallflowers and primulas should help to provide a splash of colour during the coming months
6. Plant fruit trees and new strawberries
7. Finish planting evergreen shrubs.
1. Tall shrubs such as lavatera and buddleia can be pruned to protect them from the wind
2. You should also trim conifers in the South of the country, making sure you don’t cut into the old wood
3. Cut back perennials that have died down
4. Trim back lavender bushes if you haven’t already done so
5. Remove any diseased, spindly and old stems from your rose bushes
6. Cut Jerusalem artichokes back to ground level
7. Remove yellow leaves from brassicas as they encourage disease
8. Cut out the fruited canes of blackberries, loganberries and tayberries.
1. Feed an established lawn with a fertiliser if it wasn’t given a spring and summer feed. Ensure you use a low nitrogen fertiliser
2. Remove thatch by raking
3. If there have been any drainage problems in your lawn, you can aerate it by pushing in a garden fork and rocking it backwards and forwards to enlarge the holes. Repeat this at 15 centimetre intervals. Brush sharp sand into the holes
4. Sow grass seed on any bare patches in the lawn
5. Top dress the whole lawn. This will improve its condition by revitalising the upper layer of soil and increasing the rooting area
6. Mow the lawn less frequently as growth slows down and stop mowing by the end of October.
1. Dig up carrots, potatoes and beetroot. Leave parsnips because they tend to taste better after a frost
2. Dig up and split old rhubarb crowns
3. Once your vegetable patch is clear, dig it over and incorporate compost
4. Start preparing your soil for next year by digging in compost, manure and organic matter
5. Lift tuberous begonias before the first frost
6. Remove any leaves from alpines and protect them from the wet
7. You should move tender plants under cover before the cold weather sets in and stop feeding any permanent plants
8. Rake up fallen leaves and either place on the compost heap or use them to make leaf mould
9. Before lighting bonfires check underneath for hedgehogs
10. If you have a pond, tidy it and make sure you remove the pump for winter
11. Make sure you secure any climbing plants to protect them from windy weather
12. Divide large perennials such as daylilies and peonies once they have finished flowering
13. Provide support for any tall flowers because autumn can be windy.